Understanding why a kid is exhibiting challenging behavior is one of the most important parts of helping him or her. If you've taken the Walking Tour for Parents or Educators already, then you already know why kids are challenging: they're lacking the skills not to be challenging. Challenging behavior occurs when the demands of the environment exceed a kid's capacity to respond adaptively. That being the case, your first goal is to identify the skills that are lagging in the kid you're trying to understand and help. Your second goal is to identify the specific conditions (these are called "unsolved problems") in which challenging behavior is occurring. It's very hard to do Plan B without knowing the specific problems you're trying to solve. The goal of intervention is to solve those problems...collaboratively and proactively.
There are four instruments that can help you accomplish these missions. The first -- called the Assessment of Lagging Skills and Unsolved Problems (ALSUP) –- is used to identify lagging skills and unsolved problems. There's a revised version of the ALSUP...just click on the link below). The second instrument –- called the Problem Solving Plan (formerly the Plan B Flowchart) –- was designed to help you keep track of the unsolved problems you’re currently working on and where you are in the process of solving them. The third -- the Plan B Cheat Sheet -- provides you with key components you'll want to keep in mind while you're doing Plan B. And the fourth (and newest) -- the Drilling Cheat Sheet -- provides a nice overview of the eight drilling strategies used to gather information from kids in the Empathy step of Plan B. These forms are available in multiple languages (see below). Download them here, and then copy and use them...often!
And if you're working with or parenting a child with significant language processing and communication delays, words may not be the ideal method for communicating about unsolved problems and solutions. Fortunately, problems and solutions can be depicted in pictures...you'll find a sampling here.
If you need a one-page description of Dr. Greene's approach, we have that, too! (click here)
Click here for the Assessment of Lagging Skills and Unsolved Problems (ALSUP, Revised 11-12-12)
Click here for the Problem Solving Plan (formerly the Plan B Flowchart)
Click here for the Plan B Cheat Sheet (Revised 11-12-12)
Click here for the Drilling Cheat Sheet