Understanding why a kid is exhibiting challenging behavior is one of the most important parts of helping him or her. If you've taken the Walking Tour for Parents or Educators already, then you already know why kids are challenging: they're lacking the skills not to be challenging. Challenging behavior occurs when the demands of the environment exceed a kid's capacity to respond adaptively. That being the case, your first goal is to identify the skills that are lagging in the kid you're trying to understand and help. Your second goal is to identify the specific conditions (these are called "unsolved problems") in which challenging behavior is occurring. It's very hard to do Plan B without knowing the specific problems you're trying to solve. The goal of intervention is to solve those problems, and to do it in a way -- collaboratively and proactively -- that simultaneously teaches the child the skills he or she is lacking.
There are several instruments that can help you accomplish these missions.
The Assessment of Lagging Skills and Unsolved Problems (ALSUP) is used to identify lagging skills and unsolved problems. Click here for a hard copy. (We're working on making an editable version of the ALSUP available as well.)
The new ALSUP Guide provides helpful guidelines for completing the ALSUP. (Click here)
The Problem Solving Plan (formerly the Plan B Flowchart) was designed to help you keep track of the high-priority unsolved problems you’re currently working on and the progres you're making in solving them. (Click here)
The Drilling Cheat Sheet provides an overview of the drilling strategies that can be used to gather information in the Empathy step of Plan B. (Click here)
The Plan B Cheat Sheet provides a handy overview of the key components you'll want to keep in mind when you're doing Plan B. (Click here)
If you're working with or parenting a child with significant language processing and communication delays, words may not be the ideal method for communicating about unsolved problems and solutions. Fortunately, problems and solutions can be depicted in pictures...you'll find a sampling here.
And if you need a one-page description of Dr. Greene's CPS approach, we have that, too! (click here)
Many of these instruments have been translated into other languages: